Introduction  |  What Makes Physical Mediumship Possible?  |
Other Important Details


We have defined the mediumship of physical effects as that which produces material manifestations, or effects that appeal to our material senses and can be heard, seen, or perceived by all present, and we have stated that such effects include the movement of inert objects, the levitation and transport of objects and bodies, direct writing, direct sound, the materialization of spirits╣, healing, etc.  

Kardec and his fellow Spiritists first studied these effects when they observed phenomena such as table-turning, raps, and levitation of objects. Eventually, they formulated their own theories; however, when they questioned the spirits about the mechanisms of the phenomena, they found that the answer was quite different from what they supposed.

more than just a vision, but rather a manifestation to a degree of density in which they can be touched and felt, as if "in the flesh"